The aquarium is a lovely vessel to keep aquatic animals at home. There is an excellent variety of salinity in the aquatic habitat, from freshwater habitats to the marine and other saltiness degrees in-between.
Brackish water is a mix of freshwater and marine. Some aquatic animals prefer the salty environment for survival.
Keeping these animals such as fiddler crabs, shrimps, scats, archerfish, tigerfish will require having a brackish aquarium.
Wondering how to set a brackish aquarium up? Here is a simple guide for you.
Making A Brackish Water Aquarium
Brackish water occurs naturally where freshwater meets with the ocean. The main idea in making brackish water is to increase the saltiness or salinity of freshwater. This is practically done by the addition of marine salt to the freshwater.
Usually, a brackish water aquarium is maintained under a specific gravity between 1.005 to 1.015. The aquarium is to contain hard water held at a temperature range of 75-820F. The hydrogen ion concentration, pH of the water should be between 7.2 to 8.5.
To ensure the temperature is maintained, you will need to make use of a heater. The salinity should also be kept in check by using a hydrometer.
Making Brackish Water For Your Aquarium
- Add the desired amount of fresh water to a bucket.
- Heat the water to about the same temperature as your aquarium
- Add the marine salt to the bucket of freshwater
- Stir the mixture well to dissolve the salt (about two tablespoons for a gallon of water)
- Leave the mixture to stand for about 15 minutes
- Add the salt mix gradually over about a week.
Take note that the degree of saltiness of your brackish water will depend on the specific species you desire to keep.
As you add the saltwater mix into the aquarium, you can use a hydrometer to get the right specific gravity you want. You should avoid adding the saltwater all at once, as this may shock the animals.
Add the saltwater gradually daily or once in two days until the aquarium gets to the desired salinity. Take note that the original fresh water in the aquarium will have to be removed at the same rate of adding the saltwater.
Making A Fresh Brackish Aquarium
The steps above are suitable for when you have a freshwater aquarium already. You need to first mix the marine salt and water in a bucket.
This will guard against the adverse effect the direct salt addition can have on the animals. For a fresh, brackish aquarium, take the following steps:
- Fill the aquarium with the desired amount of water
- Then add marine salt to the water depending on the salinity you want (averagely two tablespoons per gallon of water)
- Use a hydrometer to monitor the specific gravity until you achieve the desired amount
- Stir the water to mix the salt
- Heat the aquarium slightly to allow the salt dissolve.
It is essential to let the aquarium balance for about three days before putting your animals in. This is to give room for the biological nutrient cycling process to complete. This nutrient cycling will make the aquarium stable. It is done by nitrifying bacteria that colonize the water.
Brackish Water For Shrimps
Shrimps grow well in brackish water and can survive a wide range of salinity. They require specific gravity between 1.005 to 1.016. Different species of shrimp require a varying degree of salinity.
For instance, Cherry shrimp and Amano shrimp can live in salinity up to 1.003 and 1.005 s.g, respectively.
Brackish Water For Pufferfish
There are different species of pufferfish in different environments. Some are of freshwater habitat, some marine, while some do well in brackish water.
Band puffer or the Nile puffer is an example of pufferfish that can be found in brackish waters. They survive in water with a specific gravity ranging from 1.005 to 1.010.
Brackish Water For Fiddler Crabs
Fiddler crabs cannot survive in either marine water or freshwater. They are best kept in brackish water. Fiddler crabs are best kept in water with a specific gravity between 1.005 and 1.010.
The brackish water for these crabs is made by adding one-quarter cup of sea salt into two gallons of water.
Brackish Water For Tigerfish
Several species of tigerfish are purely built for brackish water. Examples of such tigerfish are the Siamese tigerfish and New Guinea Tigerfish. These fishes are tolerant in salinity ranging between 1.000 to 1.010. They are best kept at a temperature range of 72 to 800F with an average pH of 7.
Brackish Water For Nerite Snail
The nerite snails are small aquatic snails common in aquarium populations. They do well in brackish water, and the Zebra nerite snail is mainly salt tolerant. The snail requires a specific gravity between 1.005 and 1.010.
The brackish water for nerite snails can be made by adding aquarium salt to the water. A hydrometer is used to monitor the increase in specific gravity as the salt is gradually added.
Bear in mind that it is not just about adding salts to the aquarium water. You must pay conscious attention to species-specific salinity requirements.
Avoid shocking your animals if you are planning to upgrade your current aquarium from fresh to brackish water. You must add the salts over some time to allow the animals to be acquainted with the change.
The aquatic environment is diverse in population and conditions. Salinity is a condition that divides the water habitats into freshwater, marine, and brackish water. To keep some of your lovely aquatic pets, you need an aquarium.
Here you have learned that the basis of brackish water is a balance between fresh and marine water.
Keep check of the salinity with the hydrometer. This is especially important for species that can only survive in brackish water conditions. A fall in salinity beyond the tolerance level can mean the death of the animal.