If you have a female puppy, you need to be prepared for her heat cycles. A female dog encounters her puberty in the first 9th or 10th month of her age.
In some smaller dog breeds, the signs of the heat cycle can occur even earlier.
Whereas, in the larger dog breed, the heat period may take up to 18 to 20 months.
One of the significant concerns you might have is, “How much do dogs bleed in the heat?” It is essential to consult a professional veterinarian regarding the heat cycle and breeding process.
It is always recommended to wait for your dog’s second or third heat cycle before getting her bred with a male dog to avoid any health issues.
Bleeding is one of the signs in the heat cycle that a female dog experiences.
For a dog owner, it is significant to know about the heat cycle signs, stages, and care that a female dog requires. So let’s get started.
Signs Of Heat Cycle In A Female Dog:
One of the major signs that a female dog experience is vaginal bleeding. The amount of bleeding in some dog breeds is heavy, while it is normal in others.
You will notice blood spots here and there inside your house.
Other visible signs appear during a heat cycle, including genital swelling when the dog starts to lick herself.
In addition to that, the females ask for male dogs’ attention as they want to mate.
A female dog appears to be more receptive to male dogs for mating during the second week of her heat period.
Another visible sign of a heat period is spraying.
This sign can irritate you when the female dog sprays her urine to attract male dogs with her pheromones.
How to Ease the Signs with Care:
A heat period can be a phase of real infuriation, but you must be prepared to provide care to your female dog.
As your female dog will be experiencing bleeding from her vulva, make sure to provide hygiene care to her.
The blood spots should be wiped off immediately. Furthermore, her comfort area should be cleaned every day.
How Long The Heat Cycle Takes?
The heat cycle can take around 3 weeks in some female dogs.
For others, it can be longer. Either a female dog will get pregnant after mating with a male dog or enter into a resting phase.
There are four stages that include:
This phase will last for 9 to 10 days when you notice some signs such as bleeding and vulva swelling.
As the phase ends, the bleeding becomes very light or stops.
Your female dog might seem jumpy or ask for your attention.
In a proestrus phase, a female dog attracts male dogs for mating.
After the first phase ends, the female dog enters the estrus phase, lasting 9-15 days.
At the estrus stage, the bleeding stops, but the female dog will be spraying more often to attract male dogs.
As soon as a male dog is presented, she will indulge in the mating process.
This phase is a long one that will last for 3 to 4 weeks in which whether the female dog is bearing her pups or enters the resting phase.
At this stage, there is no more bleeding, neither is she receptive to being mated.
The last phase is called the Anestrus phase, which involves the recovery stage.
Your female dog will act normal, and there will be no sexual behavior during this stage.
The Anestrus phase can last for 3 to 5 months until the next proestrus phase starts.
Which phase is safe for spaying?
If you do not want pups from your female dog, it is better to get her spayed.
The spaying can be done during the anestrus phase when she has recovered fully.
Make sure to consult your veterinarian for the spaying process so that your dog does not face any health issues.
Your female dog’s heat cycles require your attention and care. In some dog breeds, heat signs appear earlier, while in others, they may appear after 18 to 24 months.
Some signs such as bleeding or spraying can worry you at first, but you will get used to them once you know how to tackle them.
Some veterinarians also prescribe medications to ease this tough time for your female dog.
If you want your female dog to carry pups, then it is essential to get her in touch with a male dog, especially during the second phase, i.e., estrus.
Spaying is another option if you do not wish for any more pups. Spaying or getting your dog neutered has various health benefits.