What Do They Do When They Spay A Dog? – All You Need To Know

There are some common questions every dog owner would like to educate themself with; one of these is about’ spaying a dog’. What Do They Do When They Spay a Dog?

If you are a beginner, there might be some questions that need to be answered, ranging from the spaying and neutering procedure and what they do when spaying a dog?

What’s The Difference Between Spaying And Neutering?

Spaying is a medical procedure that involves the removal of a female dogs’ reproductive organs. When the same procedure is done on male dogs, it refers to Neutering.

In female dogs, ovaries and uterus are removed, resulting in a lack of ability for the dog to reproduce. This procedure, in medical terms, is called Ovariohysterectomy (when both ovaries and uterus are removed).

It is called Ovariectomy when only ovaries are removed. Both the procedures are quite safe and effective. When it comes to Neutering, both testicles and the related structures are taken off, making a male dog impotent.

The Procedure Involved Before Spaying/Neutering

A complete checkup is done before the spaying and neutering procedure to ensure the pet has no health issues. And thus, a pre-surgical blood test should be performed.

Make sure to keep the complete medical history of your pet, like underlying conditions or any current medications the pet may be undergoing. All this information may also affect the choice of anesthesia.

Moreover, it is also important to note that your dog should not eat for at least eight hours before the surgery. Drinking water may be fine but check out everything with your vet if you get confused.

The Procedure Involved During Spaying/Neutering

Before the surgery begins, the pet is given a dose of anesthesia after calculating all the critical factors. Anesthesia helps keep your pet motionless and free from pain during the surgery process.

Anesthesia may be administered either through an injection or other gaseous anesthetics, which can also be used through inhalation.

How Is Anesthesia Given During Spaying?

Administering anesthesia involves inserting a small plastic tube into the dog’s airway for continuous breathing.

In turn, the tube is linked to an anesthetic gas machine so that there is an uninterrupted flow of anesthetic gas and device.

All this while, the veterinary team is required to continuously monitor the heart rate, breathing, and oxygen flow.


As soon as the dog becomes unconscious, the pet’s abdomen is shaved and rubbed well using a germicidal solution. To keep the surgical area sterile, it is covered with a sterile cloth.

All the members involved in surgery, including all the assistants, wash their hands repeatedly with germicidal soap.

The gowns, gloves, caps, and masks are also properly sterilized and then put on. Sterilization is a critical step in the surgical procedure as it prevents any infection that may be fatal post-surgery.

Spaying And Neutering – The Operative Procedure

The actual process is performed by making a small incision near the belly button. Sometimes, veterinarians preferred using laparoscopic surgical equipment to perform the spay surgery.

A laparoscope is a surgical tool that is connected with a long tube that has a tiny camera attached at its tip. This sterilized device is inserted into the pet’s abdomen through a tiny incision, and then the whole surgery is performed.

During the surgical procedure, both ovaries and uterus are removed. It is observed throughout the surgery that there is no affected blood vessel. In case there is any, it is closed off to prevent bleeding. The whole point is to keep your pet safe during the surgery and post-surgery.

When the ovaries and uterus are removed, it is again checked to ensure no bleeding. It is followed by the closure of the incision site. And then, this surgical area is cleaned again. Now your pet will be permitted to awaken from anesthesia.


Meanwhile, the pet is continuously monitored until awaken and stable enough to go back. At this time, some pain medications are also prescribed as post-surgical care. There may be some hospitals that may recommend overnight stay so to keep extra care.

Point To Remember

Always remember that even the most successful surgery may result in complications if postoperative care is ignored. Make sure that you follow all the instructions given by your vet.

Why Spay Your Dog?

There is an immense number of reasons for this. Of course, the key is to prevent pet overpopulation. Hundreds of thousands of dogs are euthanized in shelters every year just because of overpopulation.

Approximately 6.5 million animals enter the rescue homes, according to the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals.

Apart from these, other advantages include:

  • Lessens the risk of various diseases like mammary gland cancer. Your dog will live a longer and healthier life.
  • It helps in dealing with male dogs who are wildly attracted to your dog in heat. And thus, you do not have to deal with the offensive odor associated with a dog in heat.
  • Your pet will also behave much better, not making them fat, which is the most cost-effective option.

Spaying/Neutering Postoperative Instructions

Ensure that you follow all the instructions given by your Veterinarians for post-surgery care. You can expect some clinics to allow you to take back your dog on the same day of the surgery. At the same time, others may keep the pet overnight for extra care.

Sometimes even pain medication could be given, and your dog may turn away from food due to nausea for the first few days. So, do not panic and overdo. You need to check out if some fluid is coming out from the incision site.

If yes, then make sure that your pet does not make many movements as it may further cause swelling. Make a point that you do not give a bath to your dog for ten days post-surgery.

You need to continually observe when the stitches are getting healed. It generally takes 7 to 10 days to heal. If you feel the healing process is not going well within the time, you should always check with your vet.

Additionally, ensure the dog is not licking the incision site using a cone, also known as a ‘cone of shame’ or any other method as told by your vet.